Having a job is the quickest route to self-sufficiency. Unemployment insurance is designed to bridge the gap in income created when you lose your job and help you remain financially independent. You are free to spend the money as you choose and only have to meet a few requirements to be eligible, none of which are based on financial need. That means, unlike most government assistance, receiving unemployment benefits is not based on your total household income or how much money you have in the bank.
Unemployment Insurance Definition
The “insurance” in unemployment insurance is key in explaining its importance. Benefits are paid through taxes collected from employers, not employees (as some believe). Just as your insurance payments are part of the same pot that funds you when you crash your vehicle, everyone pays into the pot that funds unemployment benefits.
In theory, the system provides a means of tiding people over while they secure their next source of income. In the interim, unemployment benefits keep mortgages paid and food on the table—preventing you from losing everything. The benefits are intended to allow you to spend ample time regaining the financial position you had before you lost their job. This, in turn, is good for the economy.