When you file an unemployment insurance claim, it is reviewed by your State Unemployment Insurance Agency. If the agency reviews your claim and determines you are not in fact unemployed through no fault of your own, you will be denied benefits. If you quit your job or were fired, the burden of proof lies on the employee to prove your unemployment was in fact caused by no fault of your own, or that your reason for leaving should be considered just cause. Your employer has the right to appeal your claim if there is a debate over the reason you left your job.
Unemployment claims are often denied for the following reasons:
You quit your job
Your claim will likely be denied if you voluntarily quit your job. Since you made the choice to leave the company, you hold fault in becoming unemployed. There are certain circumstances when an employee is left with no options other than quitting, which are considered a "just cause" and may still allow the employee to collect unemployment.